Eventi

La Scuola organizza a scadenza regolare incontri pubblici, in proprio o in collaborazione con la Ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient Intersezioni Convegni e workshops Others e altri enti universitari: le Kyoto Lectures, da più di quindici anni rivolte a un pubblico internazionale di studiosi; Manabu, giornate di studio dei ricercatori, borsisti e dottorandi italiani in Giappone; Intersezioni, uno spazio dedicato ai rapporti tra Italia e Giappone nel passato e nel presente, con incontri, dibattiti, seminari e presentazioni di libri. Convegni e workshop fanno ugualmente parte dell'attività scientifica annuale della Scuola.
KL2009のサムネイル

Kyoto Lectures

Articulating Inner Dharma

The Development of the “Five Viscera Mandala” in Japanese Esoteric Buddhism

Takahiko Kameyama

28 settembre 2020 18:00

The Shingon concept of the “Five Viscera Mandala” (gozô mandara) is a sophisticated theory of the body that was widely circulated in Japanese Esoteric Buddhist circles during the medieval period. In Chinese medicine, five viscera—liver, heart, lung, kidney, and spleen—were regarded as the key elements for the physical, mental, and cosmological condition of human beings. The balance between their energies is the fundamental source of health, while their imbalance could lead to harmful effects. East Asian monks accepted this theory, and attempted to reconcile it with their Buddhist views in an effort similar to the relationship between Indian Buddhism and ancient Indian medicine and cosmology such as Âyurveda.

This talk will show how, in medieval Japan, Esoteric Buddhist monks enthusiastically studied ancient Chinese medicine and developed the Five Viscera Mandala as a main interpretative tool that equated bodily organs with the Five Esoteric Buddhas. This mandalic conception made it possible to intuitively grasp complex Shingon doctrinal and ritual discourses, giving concrete ground to such ideas as “attaining Buddhahood within this very body.”

Takahiko Kameyama is a research fellow at Kyoto University and adjunct instructor at Ryukoku University. His research field is both the doctrinal and ritual discourses developed mainly within Esoteric Buddhist traditions in medieval Japan. He currently focuses on the physiological and embryological teachings transmitted by Esoteric practitioners belonging to Shingon temples from the perspective of Buddhist intellectual history, to reveal the conception of the human body unique to medieval Shingon. He has published a number of articles on this subject, and most recently he co-edited the volume Nihon Bukkyô to rongi (Kyoto: Hôzôkan, 2020).

 

This lecture will be available on Zoom. A limited audience (maximum ten persons, with precedence to researchers and advanced students) will be allowed at our centre. For this, please contact us by e-mail.

EFEO salon 4のサムネイル

Convegni e workshops

日本における信仰と「知」のはざま - 中世・近世・近代を中心に - 北白川 EFEO Salon 2019-2020

室町時代の密教と現世利益 ―茶枳尼天曼荼羅をめぐって

ガエタン・ラポー (京都大学人文科学研究所白眉特定准教授/EFEO共同研究員)

会場参加人数10名 Zoomにて同時配信(完全予約制)

25 settembre 2020 18:00 - 19:30

茶枳尼天は、もともとインド起源の鬼女で、人間の肉を食らう恐ろしい存在である。仏教教典においては、仏の力によって仏法の守護神となり、日本にはこの形で伝わった。日本では、平安時代から姿を現し、「茶枳尼法」といった外法の儀礼や即位灌頂に登場し、人間の寿命と王権に深く関係する尊格となり存在感を増していった。中世後期になると、この茶枳尼天を中心とする曼荼羅が多数作成されるようになった。こうした曼荼羅では、茶枳尼天だけでなく周囲に様々な尊格が描きこまれ、茶枳尼天を中心とした壮大なスケールの信仰世界を体現している。

この種の曼荼羅作成・使用の確固とした目的は明らかではないが、現世利益をもたらす儀礼で使用されたというのが通説である。本発表では、この通説から更にふみこんで、この複雑な信仰世界が成立した背景を考察する。具体的には、大阪市立美術館蔵「茶枳尼天曼荼羅」など数点の具体例を分析し、日本密教における様々な尊格、例えば弁財天、茶枳尼天、聖天や宝珠法の関連性、彼らにまつわる儀礼とその教説の関係性を論じる。こうした分析から、室町時代の密教信仰の実態に迫ると同時に、真言・天台の祈祷と儀礼文化の社会的普及を探っていきたい。

使用言語: 日本語

 

講演会場での聴講は最大10名までとなります(研究者・学生優先)。

参加をご希望の方は、会場・Zoomのどちらかをお選びいただき、9/24までに下記へ必ずお申し込みください。予約なしの参加はできません。

予約申込み →

KL2007.のサムネイル

Kyoto Lectures

Animal Shape-Shifters

from Japanese Folktales to North-American Fiction

Luciana Cardi

This lecture will be available only on Zoom

29 luglio 2020 18:00

In recent years Japanese folklore, reworked in literature, popular culture, and visual media, has enjoyed a huge popularity among Western audiences, to the extent that Euro-American writers and filmmakers have often appropriated it in their works. However, the incorporation of Japanese folktales into Western narratives is not a recent phenomenon of the digital era, as we may be tempted to believe. This talk explores how Japanese folktales were adapted for American readers in the late 19th century, in a period that witnessed the establishment of folklore as a discipline—with a widespread fascination for fairy tales and a revival of Gothic fiction through Stoker’s vampire narrative. Beginning with these considerations, the presentation will focus especially on two early 20th-century novels featuring the shape-shifting fox trickster from Japanese folktales: John Luther Long’s The Fox-Woman and Winnifred Eaton’s Tama. In so doing, it will shed light on the literary and ideological issues behind the reception of Japanese folklore in that period-for instance, the intersections between Japanese fox lore, the Gothic narratives revolving around the figure of the vampire, the fear of miscegenation, and the post-Victorian changes in the models of femininity.

Luciana Cardi is Lecturer in both Japanese and Comparative Studies, and Italian Language and Culture at Osaka University. She is the co-editor of the forthcoming volume Re-Orienting the Fairy Tale: Contemporary Adaptations across Cultures (Wayne State UP, 2020). She has published in journals and edited volumes such as Forms of the Body in Contemporary Japanese Society, Literature, and Culture (Lexington, 2020), Receptions of Greek and Roman Antiquity in East Asia (Brill, 2018), and Folktales and Fairy Tales: Traditions and Texts from around the World (ABC-CLIO, 2016).

KL2006.のサムネイル

Kyoto Lectures

Early Meiji “Accounts of Prosperity”

The Making of an Urban Literary Canon

Gala Maria Follaco

This lecture will be available only on Zoom

26 giugno 2020 18:00

In 1874 Tokyo was still in the process of becoming the capital of Meiji Japan, a modern metropolis that would showcase the country’s transformation. Thus, the publication, all in the same year, of multiple works centered on its urban spaces comes as no surprise, among them hanjôki (“accounts of prosperity”) being particularly remarkable.

The talk will focus on three of these: Hattori Busho’s Tôkyô shin hanjôki (“A New Record of Flourishing Tokyo”), Takamizawa Shigeru’s Tôkyô kaika hanjôshi (“Chronicles of Tokyo Prosperity in the Era of Civilisation”) and Hagiwara Otohiko’s work by the same title. It will pay special attention to Takamizawa, who referred to his most important predecessors while introducing the topics that this kind of text was expected to treat. In order to assess both the impact of Edo precedents on the hanjôki genre and that of these early-Meiji examples on later urban writings, a series of questions will be central to the discussion. What were the themes Takamizawa felt compelled to include in his work? Did the hanjôki ever become an established canon? What kind of “prosperity” did their authors envision, and what relation did it bear with public narratives of urban development?

Gala Maria Follaco is Assistant Professor of Japanese Studies at the University of Naples “L’Orientale”. She has translated the works of several Japanese writers, such as Yoshimoto Banana, Matsumoto Seicho, Yoshida Shuichi, Tanizaki Jun’ichiro, Hara Tamiki, Kawabata Yasunari, and, most recently, Higuchi Ichiyo (2016). Her book, A Sense of the City. Modes of Urban Representation in the Works of Nagai Kafu (2017), discusses Nagai Kafu’s literary construction of urban spatialities from the late 1890s to the late 1930s.

20200530_WaterWorkshop_poster samefonts[1]のサムネイル

Convegni e workshops

Water, Waterways and Seas in Modern Japan

Perspectives of Environmental History

Prior registration is required → efeo.kyoto@gmail.com

30 maggio 2020 9:00

Focusing on Japan from the 19th century onwards, this workshop investigates some issues related to water in its various forms. Rivers, rainfalls and seas encompass their own changing ecologies. Depending on one’s perspective, water can either be seen as a hydrological threat or as a vital element for everyday life and a benefit for agriculture. Water can provide a way to move away the wastes produced by industry but it can also serve as a channel bringing in and spreading unwanted pollution. Waterways and oceans produce frontiers that can hinder or enhance the exchanges between societies. In the same way, natural currents shape the flows of goods and people. The Meiji period deeply changed the Japanese society, marked an increase in the exploitation of natural resources and strengthened the industrialization process. These dynamics went on during the Taishō and Shōwa eras, with their own specificity, as this timeframe saw the building, the expansion and the collapse of the Japanese empire. Through a few case studies, this workshop aims at providing a better understanding of the changes and continuities in Japanese history throughout the Modern period from the perspective of water.