Eventi

La Scuola organizza a scadenza regolare incontri pubblici, in proprio o in collaborazione con la Ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient Intersezioni Convegni e workshops Others e altri enti universitari: le Kyoto Lectures, da più di quindici anni rivolte a un pubblico internazionale di studiosi; Manabu, giornate di studio dei ricercatori, borsisti e dottorandi italiani in Giappone; Intersezioni, uno spazio dedicato ai rapporti tra Italia e Giappone nel passato e nel presente, con incontri, dibattiti, seminari e presentazioni di libri. Convegni e workshop fanno ugualmente parte dell'attività scientifica annuale della Scuola.
KL2004のサムネイル

Kyoto Lectures

Gesaku Literati and Early Meiji Print Culture

Remaking Popular Culture for the Masses

Alistair Swale

Italian School of East Asian Studies

22 aprile 2020 18:00

The Meiji Restoration of 1868 set in train a major reconfiguration of not only the political structure of government but also the world of letters, aecting not just academic elites but also the demimonde literati and artists (gesakusha) who had enjoyed various forms of patronage under the Tokugawa regime.

This talk aims to expand the understanding of the practices relevant to gesaku in the early Meiji period by exploring the profound overlap between text, image and oral performance as well as the significance of the traditions of rakugo and kôdan in the early literary scene. The presentation also reviews the initiatives of early Meiji gesakusha who, in collaboration with nishiki-e artists such as Ochiai Yoshiiku and Tsukioka Yoshitoshi, spearheaded the development of a distinctive genre of illustrated news, nishiki-e shinbun.

Finally, some attention will be given to the continued adaptation of this mode of collaboration in the minor newspaper format, particularly as seen in the Tokyo Eiri Shinbun, established in 1875, and later illustrated newspapers associated with the Popular Rights Movement such as the Eiri Chôya Shinbun and the Jiyû no Tomoshibi.

Alistair Swale is an Associate Professor in Japanese at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. He has written on the career and thought of Mori Arinori, as well as more broadly on the Restoration in The Meiji Restoration: Monarchism, Mass Communication and Conservative Revolution (Palgrave 2009). More recently he has been engaged in collaborative research at the International Research Center for Japanese Studies in Kyoto where he is completing a year-long project examining responses in popular culture to the “Civilization and Enlightenment” movement.

KL2002のサムネイル

Kyoto Lectures

Art, Gender, and Community in an Age of Revolution

The Life of a Samurai Housewife and Artist in Kishu Domain, 1830-1880

Simon Partner

Italian School of East Asian Studies

7 febbraio 2020 18:00

This presentation will focus on the life of Kawai Koume, an artist and housewife from a lower-ranking samurai family of Kishu domain (now Wakayama prefecture), from the 1830s through the 1870s. Using this female and regional perspective, the presentation will examine the lived experience of upheaval, conict, revolution, and social and political transformation. It will focus in particular on what it meant to be a female artist in the samurai community of Wakayama castle town, both before and after the Meiji Restoration. Topics to be introduced will include a portrait of the samurai, merchant and artisan communities of Wakayama; a discussion of the education and opportunities open to samurai women of Kishu domain; and an analysis of the cultural and social environment of female artists like Koume. The presentation will argue that the social and political transformations of the bakumatsu and early Meiji periods created both opportunities and challenges for a female artist, to which Kawai Koume attempted to adapt with mixed success.

Simon Partner is Professor of History at Duke University in the USA. His interest in Japanese history ‘from the bottom up’ has led him to focus on the lives of little-known individuals – farmers, workers, merchants, and housewives. He has published four biographies based on this research, most recently The Merchant’s Tale: Yokohama and the Transformation of Japan (Columbia University Press, 2017). He is currently a Visiting Research Scholar at the International Research Center for Japanese Studies (Nichibunken), where he is working on a history of the Restoration era as seen through the life of Kawai Koume.

KL2001のサムネイル

Kyoto Lectures

Environmental Expertise in Modern Japan and the Ashio Copper Mine Case

Cyrian Pitteloud

Italian School of East Asian Studies

29 gennaio 2020 18:00

The Ashio copper mine incident is one of Japan’s first and most famous industrial pollution cases. An industrialist close to the government took charge of the mine in the Tochigi Prefecture mountains at the end of the 1870s. The mine was modernized and extensively worked until, less than fifteen years later, it was fulfilling a third of the nation’s copper needs. The exploitation of this copper deposit on an industrial scale lead to environmental contamination that spread across five prefectures. In response, a protest movement arose that lasted for almost two decades.

The protest movement forms the major part of the case’s historiography. However, while benefiting from its findings, this talk will rather concentrate on the government and the measures it took to handle the social and ecological crisis. Among others, the establishment of pollution investigation committees in 1897 and 1902 is particularly informative, as the process of legitimization towards a public opinion increasingly aware of the events leant largely on data gathered and created by the ocial representatives of fast-growing disciplines (agronomy, medicine, engineering, etc.). Despite its importance, such process of legitimisation-by-scientific- knowledge has been, until now, barely studied.

Cyrian Pitteloud is a research fellow at the University of Geneva and at the École Française d’Extrême Orient in Kyoto. He studied History and Japanese studies at both Geneva and Lausanne universities, and, from 2012 to 2019, he was teaching assistant at the Japanese Unit of the University of Geneva. In November 2019, he completed his Ph.D. He has published a few articles and book chapters about the protest movement against the pollution of the Ashio copper mine, and translated various primary sources in Souyri P. F. (ed.), Japon colonial 1880-1930. Les voix de la dissension, ed. Belles-lettres, 2014.

EFEO salon 3のサムネイル

Convegni e workshops

日本における信仰と「知」のはざま - 中世・近世・近代を中心に - 北白川 EFEO Salon 2019-2020

キリシタン布教における理性と信仰

平岡隆二(京都大学人文科学研究所・准教授)

Italian School of East Asian Studies

21 febbraio 2020 18:00 - 19:30

西洋の科学知識がはじめて伝来したのはキリシタン時代(1549-c.1650)のことだった。特に九州に設置されたイエズス会の神学校(コレジオ)では正式な教育課程の一環として西洋の宇宙論(コスモロジー)がくわしく教授された。また宣教師らがそうした宇宙論知識を日本人に頻繁に紹介していたことも、彼らの手紙や報告、またキリシタン版をはじめとする出版物に多数見いだすことができる。

本報告では、それらの「科学」知識は、彼らが伝道しようとした「宗教」的な知識と分かちがたく結びついていたことを、具体的な史料をあげつつ考察したい。具体的には、その積極的な援用は、教義説明のとくに最初期において、キリスト教的創造神の存在を日本人に確実に証明し、それを足掛かりに他の教義へと展開して洗礼へといたる、という包括的な伝道図式の第一段階に位置づけられていたことを明らかにする。またその作業をつうじて、前近代における自然観や世界認識のあり方、その東西文化における違いや共通点など、より大きな問題群について考えるための手がかりをさぐりたい。

EFEO salon 2_Lachaud_Macのサムネイル

Convegni e workshops

日本における信仰と「知」のはざま - 中世・近世・近代を中心に - 北白川 EFEO Salon 2019-2020

「夜の訪問者」−幽霊の比較文化史を考える

フランソワ・ラショウ(フランス国立極東学院・教授)

京都大学人文科学研究所本館1階セミナー室1

17 gennaio 2020 18:00 - 19:30

デファン侯爵夫人は「幽霊の存在を信じていますか」という質問に「いいえ。でも幽霊は怖いですわ」と答えた。18世紀後半のパリのサロン文化の領袖として一世を風靡した彼女に纏わる有名な逸話である。アメリカの独立宣言と同じ年に『雨月物語』が上梓された。サロンのエスプリ感を効かせたデファン侯爵夫人と江戸期の大阪が生んだ「畸人」の上田秋成は「怪奇」を楽しむ近世の代表的な文化人である。

京都・大阪・江戸を中心に全国的なスケールで隆盛期を迎えた「怪談集」・「幽霊譚」の日本と、それに比してヨーロッパは啓蒙主義による「知の体系」として民衆のあいだで長く口伝えされてきた昔話・メルヘンの怪奇譚蒐集に傾倒した。近世日本の幽霊譚と宗教改革を乗り越えたヨーロッパの亡霊出現の物語は「幻想文学」の誕生にも繋がる。

本発表では幕末・明治期 の漢学者・画家の石川鴻斎の『夜窓鬼談』と古文書・ゴシック建築の碩学のモンタギュー・ロウズ・ジェイムズの『好古家の幽霊譚』から時代を遡り、近世の文献における東アジアとヨーロッパの「幽霊の比較文化史」の可能性を探り、「幽霊像」の変遷の意義について考察する。